Liliia Korol

junior fellow
EURIAS cohort 2018/2019
discipline Psychology
Associate Professor at the National University of Ostroh Academy

Research project

When do Italian Youth Discriminate against Immigrants? The Role of Cross-Group Friendships, Tolerance & Xenophobia


Societies are becoming more and more ethnically diverse, particularly due to a recent migrant crisis in Europe. Supporting harmonious inter-ethnic relations is a pressing concern with regard to the well-being and stability of the immigrant-receiving countries. Yet, anti-immigrant sentiments are on rise in Italy, and hard nationalist and xenophobic political moods are gaining more and more popularity across the whole country. Furthermore, ethnic minorities, and immigrant youth in particular, are often exposed to discrimination based on their ethnic origin. Such ethnic devaluation experiences take a great toll on minority youth’s socialization and adjustment into the host society.


To address this significant societal issue and fill an existing gap in research, this project aims to analyze the conditions that explain when Italian young people discriminate against immigrants. Specifically, the proposed research will examine: (i) to what extent tolerant and xenophobic attitudes towards immigrants of some Italian youth put ethnic minorities at risk for encountering ethnic discrimination; (ii) to what extent cross-group friendships play a role in these relations.


To provide a more comprehensive understanding of Italian youth’s reasons for engaging in ethnic discrimination, the project aims to apply interdisciplinary approach and build on theoretical and methodological premises of existing research on harassment and victimization in a wide range of disciplines. To analyze the relations between the variables of interest, multilevel analysis will be used to investigate the influence of inter-ethnic attitudes (i.e., tolerance and xenophobia) among Italian youth on their inclination to discriminate against immigrants on individual and group levels. The findings of the proposed research will not only advance scientific knowledge on ethnic discrimination but will also have broad implications for prevention and integration programs that aim to improve inter-ethnic relations in our ever-increasing multicultural community. Specifically, the project will provide some insight into tolerant and xenophobic attitudes among Italian youth as a potential avenue to ward off their involvement in ethnic discrimination as well as prevent negative experiences of ethnic harassment and victimization among ethnic minorities.




Liliia Korol is an Associate Professor at the National University of Ostroh Academy. She holds a PhD in Developmental and Educational Psychology from the National University of Ostroh Academy. 


Selected publications


'Relationship between multicultural personality, intergroup contact, and positive outgroup attitudes towards Asian Americans', with A.W. Fietzer & J.G. Ponterotto, Asian American Journal of Psychology, vol. 9, no. 3, 2018, pp. 200-210. 


'Adolescents’ engagement in ethnic harassment: Prejudiced beliefs in social networks and classroom ethnic composition', with S. Bayram Özdemir et al., Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 4, 2018, pp. 1151-1163.


'Is the association between multicultural personality and ethnic tolerance explained by cross-group friendships?', The Journal of General Psychology, vol. 144, no. 4, 2017, pp. 264-282.


'The impact of multicultural personality on tolerance of diversity in a sample of Portuguese university students', with G. Goncalves & M. Cabral, Revista Psicologia: Teoria e Prática, vol. 18, no. 2, 2016, pp. 57-74. 


'Empirical research on tolerant personality in the sphere of inter-ethnic relations: Analysis of peculiarities in the development of axiological sphere and social intelligence', Belgorod State University Scientific Bulletin. Humanities, vol. 24, no. 221, 2015, pp. 165-172.



junior fellow
EURIAS promotion 2011/2012
Istituto di Studi Avanzati
discipline Anthropology
junior fellow
EURIAS promotion 2016/2017
Istituto di Studi Avanzati
discipline Comparative Studies
junior fellow
EURIAS promotion 2017/2018
Istituto di Studi Avanzati
discipline Social Anthropology
junior fellow
EURIAS promotion 2015/2016
Istituto di Studi Avanzati
discipline Computer Science and Engineering