Raffaele Carbone

junior fellow
EURIAS cohort 2014/2015
discipline Philosophy
Post-doctoral research assistant in Philosophy and history of ideas, Federico II University in Naples

Research project

Medicine and the “Science of Man” in Montpellier, Paris and Naples Throughout the Second Half of the 18th Century

 

The aim of my research is to examine the links between medical research, its philosophical basis and the new idea of the science de l’homme, emerging from the works of the Montpellieran and Neapolitan physician-philosophers in the second half of the 18th century, with a view to stressing the influence of the former on the latter, as well as the critical reworking to which the Neapolitan medical school subjected the theories formulated in France in the light of the peculiarity of the local context. My project is formulated on two planes, one historical, the other more theoretical. On the one hand, it will examine the flow of medico-philosophical ideas between Montpellier, Paris and Naples, while on the other, it will, by means of this reconstruction, analyse the new idea of the science of man that emerged in the above-mentioned Euro-Mediterranean cultural centres in the second half of the 18th century and which, by opposing certain metaphysical tendencies of Cartesianism, was based on physiology and the enrichment of medicine from an anthropological perspective. The research will take in the period between the publication of La Caze’s Idée de l’homme physique et morale (1755) and Bordeu’s Recherches sur le pouls (1756), both well-known to the Neapolitan authors, and the execution of Domenico Cirllo (1799) at the tragic end of the Neapolitan Republic, the end of an important period for the South, both culturally and politically.

Biography

 

Raffaele Carbone is affiliated as an independent lecturer (Assistant Professor of Philosophy and history of ideas) with the Federico II University in Naples. He holds a PH.D. in Philosophy from the François Rabelais University (Tours). He was research fellow at the Centre d’His­toire des Systèmes de Pensée Moderne, Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne University, and adjunct professor at the Paul Valéry University of Montpellier, where he taught General Philosophy, Moral and Political Philosophy and History of Philosophy.

 

His research interests focus on the science of man, cultural difference, imagination and power relationships in Modern Philosophy.

Selected publications

 

‘Different levels of language in Montaigne’, in J. M. Counet, (ed.), Philosophie et langage ordinaire de l’Antiquité à la Renaissance, Éditions de l’Institut Supérieur de Philosophie-Editions Peeters, Louvain-la-Neuve/Louvain/Paris, 2014, pp. 153-172.

 

Différence e mélange in Montaigne: Mostri, metamorfosi, mescolamenti, Mimesis, Milan/Udine, 2013.

 

‘‘Il est bon de savoir quelque chose des mœurs de divers peuples…’: Customs and Reason in Montaigne and Descartes’, Montaigne Studies, vol. 25, 2013, pp. 119-128.

 

‘‘Voye de la raison’ et ‘voix commune’ (Essais I, 31): reconnaissance de l’autre et mise en cause de la logique duelle’, Rouen 1562. Montaigne et les Cannibales, Actes du colloque organisé à l’Université de Rouen, 2012, Publications numériques du CÉRÉdI [online journal], no. 8, 2013, pp. 1-12, http://ceredi.labos.univ-rouen.fr/public/IMG/pdf/10-_Carbone.pdf.

 

‘Pratica filosofica e interculturalità’, in G. Cacciatore, G. D’Anna & R. Diana (eds), Mente, corpo, filosofia pratica, interculturalità. Scritti in memoria di Vanna Gessa Kurotschka, Mimesis, Milan, 2013, pp. 117-132.

 

‘Malebranche et les pouvoirs de l’imagination’, with K. Vermeir, Rivista di storia della filosofia, vol. 4, 2012, pp. 661-669.

 

‘Commerce et obligation mutuelle entre les hommes et les autres créatures chez Montaigne’, L’Art du comprendre, La nature et son souci. Philosophie et écologie, no. 21, 2012, pp. 39-54.

 

‘Genesi e decadenza del linguaggio. Segni, parole e società tra Malebranche e Vico’, Bollettino del Centro di Studi Vichiani, vol. 41, no. 1, 2011, pp. 16-41.

 

‘Imagination, corps et rapports de pouvoir selon Malebranche’, Camenae, L’imagination/la fantaisie de l’Antiquité au XVIIe siècle [online journal], no. 8, 2010, http://www.paris-sorbonne.fr/IMG/pdf/17-_Carbone.pdf.

 

'Identité et différence culturelle chez Vico', L’Art du comprendre, L’identité humaine et ses fonctions culturelles: autrui et soi en actuelle question, no. 19, 2010, pp. 113-132.

 

Infini et science de l’homme. L’horizon et les paysages de l’anthropologie chez Malebranche, La Città del Sole/Vrin, Naples/Paris, 2007.

 

institut

junior fellow
EURIAS promotion 2015/2016
Collegium de Lyon
discipline Literature
2015
junior fellow
EURIAS promotion 2016/2017
Collegium de Lyon
discipline Sociology
2016
senior fellow
EURIAS promotion 2015/2016
Collegium de Lyon
discipline Anthropology
2015
junior fellow
EURIAS promotion 2016/2017
Collegium de Lyon
discipline Philosophy
2016